Johari Window

Funda Koca Gülbay
3 min readDec 16, 2021

The Johari Window is a method in the relationship between people, which examines the communication that is known by the person, that is shared, or not shared by the person her/himself.

It was proposed in 1955 by two American psychologists, Joseph Luft and Harry Ingram. The concept, created by combining their initials (Jo-Hari), was developed at the University of California, Los Angeles.

In the Johari Window, the knowledge of two or more people about each other comes to the fore. This information is in the form of four windows. We can describe these windows as open area, blind spot, hidden area, and unknown as follows:

Open Area: It includes both what the person knows about her/himself and what is known by others. This area generally covers easily observable conscious movements and expressions, information that the person does not hesitate to tell. There are attitudes, qualities, and behaviors that the person and the people around him are aware of, know and know. It is the most advantageous region in terms of relations. It is the area expected to be the broadest for effective communication and team process. Those with large open spaces are masters of communication and are prone to team play. In addition, these people are comfortable, natural, self-confident, develop emotional competencies, and have high emotional intelligence. They adopt a win/win approach, their communication and empathy skills are developed, they are open-minded towards people’s feelings and thoughts, they are open to sharing and cooperation, they accept differences and diversity as natural.

Blind Spot: It describes the area that the person does not know but is known to others. Feelings of anxiety, fear, jealousy take place in this area. The fact that this field is wide means that the person prefers one-way communication, is egocentric, defensive, closed to criticism, and skeptical. People with a wide blind spot create communication barriers, and over time they become barriers. Dominant, authoritarian managers and people who adopt a hierarchical structure are more likely to have this feature. People with a wide blind spot have limited emotional competence, for these people the feelings and thoughts of the people in front of them are not important.

Hidden Area: It includes the features known by the person but not known by the…